This study explores configurations for firm- environment alignment of entrepreneurial opportunity exploitation in technology-based ventures to explain firm performance. Classifying entrepreneurial opportunities by their source and location as technology-driven and market-driven, we develop a framework to investigate a multitude of factors in the firm and in the environment that influence firm performance only when aligned with each other. The study examines technology-based ventures using fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis. Our results highlight the presence of complete firm-environment alignment of technological and market opportunity exploitation in cases with very high organisational growth rates. High growth cases are driven by market opportunity exploitation. Firm-environment misalignment characterises low growth cases. Our results extend entrepreneurial opportunity exploitation literature to encompass a configurational setting from a quality perspective and provides entrepreneurs, managers and policy-makers with informed choices of alternative growth strategies when focusing on organisational and policy priorities.
Yoruk, E., & Jones, P. (Accepted/In press). Firm - Environment Alignment of Entrepreneurial Opportunity Exploitation in Technology-based Ventures: A Configurational Approach. Journal of Small Business Management, (In-press), (In-press). https://doi.org/10.1080/00472778.2020.1800354