Financing HIV/AIDS responses in Africa: Impact evidence from Uganda

Judith Kabajulizi, Mthuli Ncube

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Although HIV/AIDS has been tamed medically into a chronic disease through advances in treatment drugs, the full economic costs of keeping people on treatment and implementing prevention measures are still not fully quantified and are still unfolding. This paper assesses the long-term economic impact of domestic and external sources of financing HIV responses using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model. Taking Uganda as a case study for analysis, our study shows that increasing government HIV funding facilitates higher GPD growth and lower government debt relative to the baseline. Earmarked taxes and foreign-aid are potential sources of fiscal space for HIV.

Publisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Policy Modelling. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Policy Modelling, [(in press), (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.jpolmod.2017.08.003

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843-860
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Policy Modeling
Issue number5
Early online date1 Sept 2017
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2017


  • Economic Development
  • Uganda
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Computable General Equilibrium
  • HIV financing


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