Female genital cutting: crossing borders

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Over 140 million girls and women globally have been subjected to the harmful practice of female genital cutting (FGC). While FGC is concentrated in 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East, the practice is spreading to other parts of the world – including Europe and the UK – as international migration continues to increase. It is estimated that 66,000 women living in the UK are affected by FGC, with up to 98,000 girls under the age of 15 being ‘at risk’ of the procedure, and more than 30,000 of these girls being at ‘very high risk’. This article explores the ‘Mental Map’ of FGC using examples from research undertaken with Somali and Sudanese communities in the UK and Netherlands as part of a Daphne III EC-funded project.1,2 The article explains how the continuation of FGC is motivated by a complex mix of inter-related socio-cultural factors and how beliefs associated with religion, hygiene and female sexuality combine with social norms and community enforcement mechanisms to perpetuate the practice, despite negative health implications and the fact that the practice is illegal in the EU (including the UK).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)20-27
    JournalGeography
    Volume99
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    sociocultural factors
    hygiene
    international migration
    Social Norms
    European Community
    Middle East
    community
    sexuality
    Netherlands
    EU
    Religion
    religion
    cutting (process)
    border
    health
    woman
    enforcement
    norm
    Europe
    world

    Bibliographical note

    The full text of this article is not available from the repository.

    Keywords

    • female genital cutting
    • female genital mutilation
    • FGM
    • FGC
    • European Union

    Cite this

    Female genital cutting: crossing borders. / Barrett, Hazel R.

    In: Geography, Vol. 99, No. 1, 2014, p. 20-27.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Barrett, Hazel R. / Female genital cutting: crossing borders. In: Geography. 2014 ; Vol. 99, No. 1. pp. 20-27.
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