Feasibility Study for Downsizing EF7 Engine, Numerical and Experimental Approach

Mohammad M Namar, Omid Jahanian, Roozbeh Shafaghat, Kamyar Nikzadfar

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    Engine downsizing has been considered as a promising approach for reducing CO2 emitted from internal combustion engines since the longterm goal of the International Energy Agency was published in 2011. By engine downsizing, the engine dimensions would decline while the performance is preserved. So, the fuel consumption and engine emission decrease as well as power to weight ratio increases. In this study, the Iranian national engine EF7 is considered as the target of downsizing and three conceptual designs for downsizing are propose: 3-cylinder gasoline turbocharged (EF7α), 3-cylinder CNG turbocharged (EF7β), and 3-cylinder CNG turbocharged with improved compression ratio (EF7γ). The performance of each concept
    is investigated and compared with the base engine employing a
    hybrid-structured engine simulation tool involving a 1D model for
    engine components and a thermodynamic two-zone model for the combustion process. The model is validated with experimental data for the base engine. Indeed, the performance of the gasoline-fueled version of downsized engine EF7α is estimated close to the base engine. Shifting the fuel to CNG (EF7β) would lead to lower and poor performance of the engine, especially in low load regions. Modification of spark timing would somehow solve the problem however deficiency in lower engine speeds remains. Employing the anti-knock index as the main advantage of CNG as a fuel for the spark-ignition engine, the third
    concept (EF7γ) is introduced by improving the compression ratio.
    Results show that a 3-cylinder CNG fueled turbocharged engine with an improved compression ratio would be a good choice for EF7 downsizing.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)73-85
    Number of pages13
    JournalThe Journal of Engine Research
    Issue number61
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Open access under a CC BY-NC-SA creative commons license


    • Engine Downsizing
    • EF7
    • Conceptual Design
    • Performance
    • Emission
    • CNG


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