Fatigue Crack/Residual Stress Field Interactions and Their Implications for Damage-Tolerant Design

M. E. Fitzpatrick, L. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Residual stress fields are now widely accepted to have significant influence on fatigue crack growth. Ten-sile stresses have detrimental effects on fatigue lives, whereas compressive residual stresses can be bene-ficial. Control of fatigue lives via residual stress is now established in many industrial applications, using techniques such as shot peening or cold expansion. However, knowledge of the processes that occur when a fatigue crack grows through a pre-existing stress field is far from complete. Although the residual stress field will clearly have an effect on crack growth, the crack will equally have an effect on the residual stress field. The determination of this effect is not trivial, and direct measurement may be the designer's best safeguard. This article outlines the complementary effects that a growing fatigue crack and a residual stress field have on each other. Two types of residual stress field are considered: mechanically induced and thermally induced. The results are discussed in terms of the implications that residual stress interactions have for damage-tolerant-based design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-198
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Crack growth
  • Damage tolerance
  • Fatigue
  • Neutron diffraction
  • Residual stress
  • Weight functions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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