Fatigue crack growth behavior in an aluminum alloy Al–Mg–0.3Sc produced by wire based directed energy deposition process

Jin Ye, Abdul Syed, Xiang Zhang, Eloise Eimer, Stewart Williams

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1 Citation (Scopus)
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Additive manufacturing (AM) of Al–Mg–Sc alloys has received considerable interest from the aerospace industry owing to their high specific strength and suitability for AM processes. This study has investigated the fatigue crack growth behavior in an Al–Mg–0.3Sc alloy made by wire and arc additive manufacturing. Tests were conducted with two different crack orientations at cyclic load ratios of 0.1 and 0.5. At the lower load ratio, the horizontal crack showed a faster growth rate owing to the smaller grains and coarser second-phase particles that the crack tip had encountered when it propagated along the material build direction. The anisotropy in crack growth rate was mainly caused by the grain size effect. When the applied stress intensity factor range exceeded the value of 10 MPa m1/2, an isotropic crack growth rate between the two crack orientations was measured. This is due to the microstructural influence being overcome by the governing parameter of fracture mechanics. At the higher load ratio of 0.5, crack growth rate is isotropic, and the threshold stress intensity factor range was much lower than that tested under load ratio 0.1. Finally, the modified Hartman–Schijve equation has been successfully employed to represent the crack growth rates in all three regions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3927-3938
Number of pages12
JournalFatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures
Issue number10
Early online date29 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided
the original work is properly cited.
© 2023 The Authors


Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Grant Number: EP/R027218/1


  • Al–Mg–Sc alloy
  • fatigue crack growth
  • Hartman–Schijve equation
  • microstructure
  • wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM)


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