Failure experiences of Talent Management in South Korea

HyunMi Park, Alison J. Glaister

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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Abstract

It is frequently argued that Talent Management (TM) has been derived from Western, mainly the U.S. and there are gaps between westernised TM format and contexts of non-western countries when they adopt TM. The gaps were analysed through comparing Resource-Based View and Institutional theory. This paper conducted 55 semi-structured interviews as qualitative approach from South Korean and non-South Korean employees who were working for local and foreign companies in South Korea to explore how TM was experienced by firms and individuals in South Korea as one of non-Western countries. RBV based Western format TM assumptions failed to apply to talent and non-talent’ experiences and seek economic efficiency consideration in South Korea. The reasons of failure experiences were explained by institutional theory and South Korea’s collective organisational culture and historical HRM background where the country could successfully shift from the poor country to developed country (so- called, the Miracle on the Han River) through labour-intensive government-led industries. TM was introduced during 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, throughout this bumpy contextual condition, TM should have been tasted a bitter and sweet experiences. This paper results revealed how the TM concepts and practices have been influenced by conflicted to their traditional HRM philosophies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAcademy of Management Proceedings
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019
EventAnnual Meeting of the Academy of Management - Boston, United States
Duration: 9 Aug 201913 Aug 2019
Conference number: 79

Keywords

  • AOM Annual Meeting Proceedings 2019
  • AOM Boston 2019
  • Talent Management
  • South Korea
  • Institutional theory
  • Resource-Based View
  • Asian
  • Financial Crisis

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