Within the EU-28, 71.7% of transport emissions are due to road transport and there is a policy commitment to reduce emissions from the transport sector as a whole by 60% by 2050 (against a 1990 baseline) . Going forward, and supported by policy, a stratification of passenger car powertrain options is anticipated, with customers able to choose from a zero-tailpipe emission battery or fuel cell electric vehicle or a selection of hybridised vehicles ranging from a mild to a plug-in hybrid. Further to this, technology improvements and connectivity between vehicle and energy generation and supply offer further opportunities to accelerate reduction in carbon emissions in the transport sector. The structure of this new transport paradigm is pathway dependent. Multiple conflicts exist, pulling the system in different directions and threatening its sustainability. This paper explores the link between policy and the impact this has upon the direction that road transport is taking, focusing on technology options and highlighting some of the dichotomies that exist between policy and the requirement for a sustainable road transport solution.
|Journal||Johnson Matthey Technology Review|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2020|