Exploring the functionality of mesh-to-mesh value comparison in pair-matching and its application to fragmentary remains

Zoe McWhirter, Mara A. Karell, Ali Er, Mustafa Bozdag, Oguzhan Ekizoglu, Elena F. Kranioti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Many cases encountered by forensic anthropologists involve commingled remains or isolated elements. Common methods for analysing these contexts are characterised by limitations such as high degrees of subjectivity, high cost of application, or low proven accuracy. This study sought to test mesh-to-mesh value comparison (MCV), a relatively new method for pair-matching skeletal elements, to validate the claims that the technique is unaffected by age, sex and pathology. The sample consisted of 160 three-dimensional clavicle models created from computed tomography (CT) scans of a contemporary Turkish population. Additionally, this research explored the application of MVC to match fragmented elements to their intact counterparts by creating a sample of 480 simulated fragments, consisting of three different types based on the region of the bone they originate from. For comparing whole clavicles, this resulted in a sensitivity value of 87.6% and specificity of 90.9% using ROC analysis comparing clavicles. For the fragment comparisons, each type was compared to the entire clavicles of the opposite side. The results included a range of sensitivity values from 81.3% to 87.6%. Overall results are promising and the MVC technique seems to be a useful technique for matching paired elements that can be accurately applied to a Modern Turkish sample.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1303
Number of pages15
JournalBiology
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

Keywords

  • 3D modelling
  • Clavicle
  • Computed tomography
  • Forensic anthropology
  • Fragmentation
  • MVC
  • Pair-matching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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