Exploring African lion (Panthera leo) behavioural phenotypes: individual differences and correlations between sociality, boldness and behaviour

E. J. Dunston, Jackie Abell, R. E. Doyle, M. Evershed, R. Freire

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)
    204 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Increasing our understanding of personality, at an individual and group level, is crucial to the pre-release assessment of social species within ex situ reintroduction programs. We conducted the first exploration into the personality of a captive-origin pride of African lions (Panthera leo), assessing behavioural variations and consistencies in daily activity, social and hunting behaviour, and boldness. Data were collected via direct observations, while a species-specific protocol for testing boldness, using playbacks, was developed. Differences in sex, age and session time for the activity budget were evaluated using Pearson correlations and repeated-measures ANOVA, while social interactions were analysed using social network analysis. Spearman’s correlations were conducted to assess for associations between boldness scores, activity and sociality. The two boldness tests provided a range of scores per lion, indicating that the test was effective. Correlations and variations in individual behaviour indicated that adults and sub-adults have specific roles within pride behaviour. Correlations between boldness and activity and social behaviours provided information on the role of individuals, allowing investigation into the behaviour of a dominant and a social keystone. Our study indicates that evaluating various aspects of behaviour in conjunction with boldness has the potential to assist the pre-release assessment of a pride within an ex situ reintroduction program.

    The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10164-016-0473-9
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)277-290
    JournalJournal of Ethology
    Volume34
    Issue number3
    Early online date1 Jun 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

    Keywords

    • Personality
    • Pre-release assessment
    • Reintroduction
    • Social network analysis

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  • Activities

    • 7 Invited talk
    • 1 Public Engagement Event
    • 1 Participation in workshop, seminar, course

    Social Psychology of Conservation and the Environment

    Jackie Abell (Speaker)
    13 Jul 202014 Aug 2020

    Activity: Participating in or organising an eventPublic Engagement Event

    Talk: African Lions: Threats, Networks, Conflict & Mitigation

    Jackie Abell (Invited speaker)
    16 Mar 2017

    Activity: Talk or presentationInvited talk

    Research Output

    • 5 Citations
    • 3 Article

    The Psychologists' Tree of Life: A Special Feature on Psychologists Working with Non-Human Animals. A Matter of Pride

    Abell, J., 1 Oct 2018, The Psychologist magazine, 31 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

    Open Access
  • An assessment of African lion Panthera leo sociality via social network analysis: prerelease monitoring for an ex situ reintroduction program

    Dunston, E., Abell, J., Doyle, R., Kirk, J., Hilley, V. B., Forsyth, A. & Jenkins, E., Jun 2017, In : Current Zoology. 63, 3, p. 301-311 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 5 Citations (Scopus)
    40 Downloads (Pure)

    Does captivity influence territorial and hunting behaviour? Assessment for an ex-situ reintroduction program of African lions (Panthera leo)

    Dunston, E., Abell, J., Doyle, R., Duffy, D., Poynter, C., Kirk, J., Hilley, V., Forsyth, A., Jenkins, E., Mcallister, D. & Freire, R., Oct 2017, In : Mammal Review. 47, 4, p. 254-260 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Press / Media

    Lateral Magazine: The Pride of Africa

    Jackie Abell

    17/05/17

    1 item of Media coverage

    Press/Media: Expert Comment

    Inside Track: taking steps towards a future for the African lion

    Jackie Abell

    19/08/13

    1 item of Media coverage

    Press/Media: Expert Comment

    Can captive-bred lions contribute to saving this vulnerable species?

    Jackie Abell

    5/08/13

    1 item of Media coverage

    Press/Media: Expert Comment

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