Exploratory spatial analysis of maritime clusters

Peter J. Stavroulakis, Stratos Papadimitriou, Vangelis Tsioumas, Ioannis G. Koliousis, Elena Riza, Freideriki Tsirikou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
109 Downloads (Pure)


For decades, maritime clusters have been relishing distinct attention from policy, practice, and academia. The regional phenomenon coined as a cluster has been found to provide an excellent framework for the formulation of a competitive advantage for not only the firms situated within, but also the region, and in many cases, the nation harbouring the cluster altogether. Despite the attention directed towards maritime clusters, their body of knowledge is still crystallizing. Within this body of research, a definitive allocation, categorization, and classification of the different geographical stances with reference to the strategic elements of clusters, is absent. This work introduces a topology of the governing constructs within maritime clusters and provides a rudimentary, yet conclusive, classification of the different locational approaches in the strategic maritime clusters of the world. In addition, this research provides indications as per the tone of regional culture that dictates the competitiveness of maritime clusters. These indications are fostered through exploratory factor analysis on a dataset compiled of Likert-type questionnaire data. Structure detection based on the locational origin of the responses is conducted, contributing to a pertaining research gap in the literature, as studies providing geographical classification of maritime cluster competitiveness’ factors are scarce. Various reliability statistics calculated validate both the quality of the dataset and the methodology applied.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104125
JournalMarine Policy
Early online date7 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Marine Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Marine Policy, 120, (2020)] DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104125

© 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


  • Cluster analysis
  • Competitiveness
  • Cronbach's alpha
  • Factor analysis
  • Industry cluster
  • Strategic management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Law


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