Exploration of Crime-Scene Characteristics in Juvenile Homicide in the French-Speaking part of Belgium

F. Jeane Gerard, Kate C. Whitfield, Kevin D. Browne

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    4 Citations (Scopus)
    141 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    This study explores modeling crime-scene characteristics of juvenile homicide in the French-speaking part of Belgium. Multidimensional scaling analysis was carried out on crime-scene characteristics derived from the court files of 67 individuals under 22 years old, who had been charged with murder or attempted murder (1995-2009). Three thematic regions (Expressive: multiple offenders; Instrumental: theft; Instrumental: sex/forensic awareness) distinguished types of aggression displayed during the offense. These themes reaffirm that the expressive–instrumental differentiation found in general homicide studies is valuable when attempting to discriminate juvenile homicides. The proposed framework was found useful to classify the offenses, as 84% of homicides were assigned to a dominant theme. Additionally, associations between crime-scene characteristics and offenders’ characteristics were analyzed, but no associations were found, therefore failing to provide empirical support for the homology assumption. Cultural comparisons, as well as the influence of age on the thematic structure are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2399-2421
    Number of pages23
    JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
    Volume35
    Issue number13-14
    Early online date13 Apr 2017
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

    Bibliographical note

    This article has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Full citation details including DOI will be uploaded when available.

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    Keywords

    • homicide
    • crime scene analysis
    • juvenile homicide
    • profiling
    • classification

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