Experimental Optimization of Gate-Opening Modes to Minimize Near-Field Vibrations in Hydropower Stations

Yong Peng, Jianming Zhang, Weilin Xu, Matteo Rubinato

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4 Citations (Scopus)
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Multi-Horizontal-Submerged Jets are successfully applied to dissipate energy within a large-scale hydropower station. However, notable near-field vibrations are generated when releasing high discharges through the gates, which is generally typical in a flooding case scenario. Under these conditions, the magnitude of the vibrations varies when applying different gate-opening modes. To investigate and find optimized gate-opening modes to reduce the near-field vibration, multiple combinations were tested by varying gate-opening modes and hydraulic conditions. For each of the tests conducted, fluctuating pressures acting on side-walls and bottoms of a stilling basin were measured. The collected datasets were used to determine the maximum and minimum fluctuating pressure values associated with the correspondent gate-opening mode and a detailed comparison between each of the gate-opening modes was completed. The paper presents the quantitative analysis of the discharge ratio's effect on fluctuating pressures. It also investigates the influence of different gate-opening modes by including side to middle spillways and upper to lower spillways configurations. The flow pattern evolutions triggered by each different gate-opening mode are discussed and optimal configurations that minimize near-field vibrations at high discharges are recommended to support both the design of new systems and assessment of the performance of existing ones.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1435
Number of pages15
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).


  • multi-horizontal-submerged jets;
  • energy dissipation
  • near-field vibration
  • fluctuating pressure
  • gate-opening modes


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