Experimental investigation and simplistic geochemical modeling of CO2 mineral carbonation using the mount tawai peridotite

Omeid Rahmani, James Highfield, Radzuan Junin, Mark Tyrer, Amin Beiranvand Pour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this work, the potential of CO2 mineral carbonation of brucite (Mg(OH)2) derived from the Mount Tawai peridotite (forsterite based (Mg)2SiO4) to produce thermodynamically stable magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) was evaluated. The effect of three main factors (reaction temperature, particle size, and water vapor) were investigated in a sequence of experiments consisting of aqueous acid leaching, evaporation to dryness of the slurry mass, and then gas-solid carbonation under pressurized CO2. The maximum amount of Mg converted to MgCO3 is ∼99%, which occurred at temperatures between 150 and 175 °C. It was also found that the reduction of particle size range from >200 to <75 μm enhanced the leaching rate significantly. In addition, the results showed the essential role of water vapor in promoting effective carbonation. By increasing water vapor concentration from 5 to 10 vol %, the mineral carbonation rate increased by 30%. This work has also numerically modeled the process by which CO2 gas may be sequestered, by reaction with forsterite in the presence of moisture. In both experimental analysis and geochemical modeling, the results showed that the reaction is favored and of high yield; going almost to completion (within about one year) with the bulk of the carbon partitioning into magnesite and that very little remains in solution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number353
JournalMolecules
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CO sequestration
  • Ex-situ
  • Forsterite
  • In situ
  • Mineral carbonation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

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