Experimental Investigation and Multi-objective Optimization Approach for Low-carbon Milling Operation of Aluminum

Chaoyang Zhang, Weidong Li, Pingyu Jiang, Peihua Guo

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    21 Citations (Scopus)
    148 Downloads (Pure)


    In the past, milling operations have been mainly considered from the econom-ic and technological perspectives, while the environmental consideration has been becoming highly imperative nowadays. In this study, a systemic optimi-zation approach is presented to identify the Pareto-optimal values of some key process parameters for low-carbon milling operation. The approach con-sists of the following stages. Firstly, regression models are established to characterize the relationship between milling parameters and several im-portant performance indicators, i.e., material removal rate, carbon emission and surface roughness. Then, a multi-objective optimization model is further constructed for identifying the optimal process parameters, and a hybrid NSGA-II algorithm is proposed to obtain the Pareto frontier of the non-dominated solutions. Based on the Taguchi design method, dry milling exper-iments on aluminum are performed to verify the proposed regression and op-timization models. The experimental results show that a higher spindle speed and feed rate are more advantageous for achieving the performance indica-tors, and the depth of cut is the most critical process parameter because the increase of the depth of cut results in the decrease of the specific carbon emission but the increase of the material removal rate and surface roughness. Finally, based on the regression models and the optimization approach, an online platform is developed to obtain in-process information of energy con-sumption and carbon emission for real-time decision making, and a simula-tion case is conducted in three different scenarios to verify the proposed ap-proach.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2753-2772
    Number of pages19
    JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
    Issue number15
    Early online date22 Mar 2016
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017


    • Specific carbon emission
    • Multi-objective optimization
    • Dry milling
    • NSGA-II
    • Online analysis platform


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