Alumina-forming β-NiAl coatings were deposited by high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) thermal spraying onto 304 stainless steels for protection against chlorine induced corrosion in a biomass-fired boiler. The corrosion test was conducted in a synthetic gas containing 500 ppm HCl with 10 wt% KCl ash deposit at 700 °C for 250 h. Severe corrosion was observed with the fast growing alumina at the coating/substrate interface initiating from sample edges. Possible corrosion mechanism was proposed: as supplied by HCl/KCl, the formation of volatile chlorine/chloride acted as a catalyst and promoted the growth of alumina at relatively lower application temperatures (<900 °C).
Bibliographical note© 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
- Nickel aluminide
- Stainless steel