Experimental and Numerical Study of Electrically Driven Magnetohydrodynamic Flow in a Modified Cylindrical Annulus. I. Base flow

Zacharias Stelzer, David Cébron, Sophie Miralles, Stijn Vantieghem, Jérôme Noir, Peter Scarfe, Andrew Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shear layers in confined liquid metal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow play an important role in geo- and astrophysical bodies as well as in engineering applications. We present an experimental and numerical study of liquid metal MHD flow in a modified cylindrical annulus that is driven by an azimuthal Lorentz force resulting from a forced electric current under an imposed axial magnetic field. Hartmann and Reynolds numbers reach Mmax ≈ 2000 and Remax ≈ 1.3 × 104, respectively, in the steady regime. The peculiarity of our model geometry is the protruding inner disk electrode which gives rise to a free Shercliff layer at its edge. The flow of liquid GaInSn in the experimental device ZUCCHINI (ZUrich Cylindrical CHannel INstability Investigation) is probed with ultrasound Doppler velocimetry. We establish the base flow in ZUCCHINI and study the scaling of velocities and the free Shercliff layer in both experiment and finite element simulations. Experiment and numerics agree well on the mean azimuthal velocity uϕ(r) following the prediction of a large-M theoretical model. The large-M limit, which is equivalent to neglecting inertial effects, appears to be reached for M ≳ 30 in our study. In the numerics, we recover the theoretical scaling of the free Shercliff layer δS ~ M-1/2 whereas δS appears to be largely independent of M in the experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number077101
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrodes
  • Magnetic Fields
  • Electric Currents
  • Megnetohydrodynamics
  • Flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Stelzer, Z., Cébron, D., Miralles, S., Vantieghem, S., Noir, J., Scarfe, P., & Jackson, A. (2015). Experimental and Numerical Study of Electrically Driven Magnetohydrodynamic Flow in a Modified Cylindrical Annulus. I. Base flow. Physics of Fluids, 27(7), [077101]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4923746