Experiences of leg bag users and emerging design priorities

Louise Moody, A. McCarthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)
300 Downloads (Pure)


PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore participants' experiences of urinary incontinence and leg bag use in order to identify priorities for product redesign. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Twenty-nine leg bag users and 5 carers and healthcare professionals participated in the study. They were recruited through a UK hospital Trust and a UK-wide charity for people with bladder and bowel control problems. DESIGN: The study employed a descriptive design with qualitative and quantitative elements to determine current experiences with urinary drainage leg bags and identify potential ways to improve their design. METHODS: Data collection occurred during semistructured face-to-face and telephone semistructured interviews. RESULTS: Thematic analysis revealed that leg bag design and performance influenced users' relationships, confidence, and ability to socialize. The most significant issues related to leg bag use were reliable functioning without leakage, secure positioning, and discretion when worn under clothing. All participants reported having experienced significant urine leakage due to usability issues with the leg bags. CONCLUSIONS: Respondents identified a number of design issues with current leg bags that need to be addressed to improve the ease of use and overall experience when using leg bags for containing urinary output. The findings have been used to define design requirements for further development of leg bags and their component parts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-182
JournalJournal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Moody, L. and McCarthy, A. (2015) Experiences of leg bag users and emerging design priorities. Journal of wound, ostomy and continence nursing, volume 42 (2): 176-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WON.0000000000000084 .


  • long-term urinary catheter
  • catheter drainage systems
  • leg bags
  • adults


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