Examining the relevance of ‘EVIL DONE’ to the current terrorist threat landscape in the United Kingdom

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Since the release of the Clarke and Newman’s ‘EVIL DONE’ framework in 2006, there has been limited empirical research on its capacity to predict target attractiveness and vulnerability as intended. This study investigated the utility of the framework in the context of the current United Kingdom (UK) threat landscape, including additions from the Marchment and Gill’s (2022) TRACK framework using UK terrorist incidents between 2015-2021 (n=184). For the UK as a whole ‘EVIL DONE’ may not be the best approach to predicting and mitigating the threat. Analysis of cases from Great Britain only demonstrates greater usefulness of the framework in explaining the attractiveness of targets.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
Number of pages27
JournalBehavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Agression
Early online date3 Jul 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properlycited. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the Accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s)or with their consent.


This work was commissioned by the National Counter Terrorism Security Office (NaCTSO), UK.


  • Situational crime prevention
  • target desirability

Institute themes

  • Security and Resilience


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