Examining the ‘National Risk Assessment for Detention’ process: an intersectional analysis of detaining ‘dangerousness’ in Canada

Stephanie J. Silverman, Esra Stephanie Kaytaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officers use the National Risk Assessment for Detention (NRAD) process to evaluate the ‘riskiness’ of immigration detainees. The NRAD’s key tool is a 2-page document laying out ‘risk factors’ with corresponding points that add up to scores of ‘dangerousness’ allegedly posed by non-citizens. CBSA officers then recommend detention in either a provincial prison or a lower security ‘immigration holding centre’. In a national context of no legislated upper time limits on detention periods, and where telephonic and other access to incarceration sites is impeded, the NRAD form’s outcome portends serious, long-term consequences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-press)
JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Volume(In-press)
Early online date10 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • administrative decision-making
  • Canada
  • criminalisation
  • Immigration detention
  • racialisation
  • risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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