Examining the ‘National Risk Assessment for Detention’ process: an intersectional analysis of detaining ‘dangerousness’ in Canada

Stephanie J. Silverman, Esra Stephanie Kaytaz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    41 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) officers use the National Risk Assessment for Detention (NRAD) process to evaluate the ‘riskiness’ of immigration detainees. The NRAD’s key tool is a 2-page document laying out ‘risk factors’ with corresponding points that add up to scores of ‘dangerousness’ allegedly posed by non-citizens. CBSA officers then recommend detention in either a provincial prison or a lower security ‘immigration holding centre’. In a national context of no legislated upper time limits on detention periods, and where telephonic and other access to incarceration sites is impeded, the NRAD form’s outcome portends serious, long-term consequences.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)693-709
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
    Volume48
    Issue number3
    Early online date10 Nov 2020
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2022

    Bibliographical note

    It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Keywords

    • administrative decision-making
    • Canada
    • criminalisation
    • Immigration detention
    • racialisation
    • risk assessment

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Demography
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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