OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of using a deep learning-based method for measuring SBPs and DBPs and the effects of cuff inflation and deflation rates on the deep learning-based blood pressure (BP) measurement (in comparison with the manual auscultatory method).
METHODS: Forty healthy subjects were recruited. SBP and DBP were measured under four conditions (i.e. standard deflation, fast deflation, slow inflation and fast inflation) using both our newly developed deep learning-based method and the reference manual auscultatory method. The BPs measured under each condition were compared between the two methods. The performance of using the deep learning-based method to measure BP changes was also evaluated.
RESULTS: There were no significant BP differences between the two methods (P > 0.05), except for the DBPs measured during the slow and fast inflation conditions. By applying the deep learning-based method, SBPs measured from fast deflation, slow inflation and fast inflation decreased significantly by 3.0, 3.5 and 4.7 mmHg (all P < 0.05), respectively, in comparison with the standard deflation condition. Whereas, corresponding DBPs measured from the slow and fast inflation conditions increased significantly by 5.0 and 6.8 mmHg, respectively (both P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in BP changes measured by the two methods in most cases (all P > 0.05, except for DBP change in the slow and fast inflation conditions).
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the deep learning-based method can achieve accurate BP measurement under the deflation and inflation conditions with different rates.