Evaluation of a Switched Combining Based Distributed Antenna System (DAS) for Pedestrian-to-Vehicle Communications

Seongki Yoo, Simon Cotton, Lei Zhang, Michael Doone, Jae Seung Song, Sujan Rajbhandari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The safety of vulnerable road users is paramount, particularly as we move towards the widespread adoption of autonomous and self-driving vehicles. In this study, we investigate the use of a six-element distributed antenna system (DAS), operating at 5.8 GHz and mounted on the exterior (i.e., roof and wing mirrors) of an automobile, to enhance signal reliability for pedestrian-to-vehicle (P2V) communications. Due to its low complexity and ease of implementation, we consider the use of a switch-and-examine combining with post-examining selection (SECps) scheme to combine the signal received by the DAS. During our experiments, a pedestrian wearing a wireless device on their chest either stood stationary or walked by the side of a road. It was found that the overall signal reliability depends on not only the number, but also different groupings of the antennas which are selected. The goodness-of-fit results have shown that the temporal behavior of the diversity gain was adequately described by the Gaussian distribution. Building upon this, we also provide some useful insights into the antenna selection through the comparison of three different antenna selection mechanisms, namely per-sample random antenna selection, one-shot antenna selection and per-sample optimal antenna selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11005 - 11010
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Volume70
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Keywords

  • Antenna selection
  • distributed antenna system
  • diversity gain
  • pedestrian-to-vehicle communications
  • switched combining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering

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