Evaluating the effect of digital game‐based nutrition education on anemia indicators in adolescent girls: A randomized clinical trial

Omid Sabet Ghadam, Zahra Sohrabi, Manoosh Mehrabi, Mohammad Fararouei, Mansour Shahraki, Najme Hejazi, Cain C. T. Clark, Sanaz Mehrabani, Shirin Gerami, Mehran Nouri

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    Abstract

    Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of micronutrient deficiency in the world. Adolescence represents a period of increased risk of iron deficiency. Therefore, we aimed to determine the impact of nutrition education by a digital game on markers of iron‐deficient anemia in adolescent girls. In this study, 176 adolescent girls were randomly dichotomized into the intervention and control groups. At the beginning and the end of the intervention, knowledge, attitude, and practice of both groups were assessed by a questionnaire. Girls in the intervention group received the necessary education through a digital game during a 14‐week period, while those in the control group received basic nutritional education through PowerPoint and pamphlets. Additionally, serum transferrin, serum iron, transferrin saturation, ferritin, CBC difference, and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) tests were checked. In this study, nutrition education significantly increased the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of adolescent girls regarding their diet (p ˂ .05). Hemoglobin level was also significantly raised (p ˂ .05). However, no significant effect was observed on other markers of iron‐deficient anemia, such as serum iron, TIBC, and hematocrit, in the intervention group compared with the control group (p ˃ .05). The results of this study indicated the positive impact of nutrition education based on digital game on knowledge, attitude, and practice scores, as well as a significant difference in hemoglobin. It is recommended that educational games be designed for students in the future to promote health and nutrition information.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)863-871
    Number of pages9
    JournalFood Science and Nutrition
    Volume11
    Issue number2
    Early online date8 Nov 2022
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Keywords

    • adolescents
    • digital games
    • iron deficiency anemia
    • nutrition education

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