Ethical investment: the rules of engagement

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


Ethical and sustainable investors focus on issues such as environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors, UN Sustainable Development Goals and traditional areas such as alcohol, tobacco, gambling, pornography, armaments, nuclear power, animal testing and intensive farming.

Many investors are also acutely aware of the increasing likelihood of extreme weather events and other challenges associated with global warming. Despite Paris Agreement targets to hold global average temperature increases to less than 2°C above pre-industrial levels, current warming appears to be on track for at least 3°C by 2100.

Many fund managers engage with companies to end harmful practices. Yet engagement is opaque, and fund selectors struggle to assess managers’ commitment and progress made.
Original languageEnglish
Specialist publicationTRANSFORM magazine
PublisherInstitute of Environmental Management & Assessment
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


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