BACKGROUND: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are airway inflammatory diseases characterised by airflow obstruction. Currently approved bronchodilators such as long-acting β(2) adrenoceptor agonists are the mainstay treatments but often fail to relieve symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and severe asthma and safety concerns have been raised over long-term use. The aim of the study was to identify the receptor involved in prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))-induced relaxation in guinea pig, murine, monkey, rat and human airways in vitro.
METHODS: Using an extensive range of pharmacological tools, the relaxant potential of PGE(2) and selective agonists for the EP(1-4) receptors in the presence and absence of selective antagonists in guinea pig, murine, monkey, rat and human isolated airways was investigated.
RESULTS: In agreement with previous studies, it was found that the EP(2) receptor mediates PGE(2)-induced relaxation of guinea pig, murine and monkey trachea and that the EP(4) receptor mediates PGE(2)-induced relaxation of the rat trachea. These data have been confirmed in murine airways from EP(2) receptor-deficient mice (Ptger2). In contrast to previous publications, a role for the EP(4) receptor in relaxant responses in human airways in vitro was found. Relaxant activity of AH13205 (EP(2) agonist) was also demonstrated in guinea pig but not human airway tissue, which may explain its failure in clinical studies.
CONCLUSION: Identification of the receptor mediating PGE(2)-induced relaxation represents a key step in developing a novel bronchodilator therapy. These data explain the lack of bronchodilator activity observed with selective EP(2) receptor agonists in clinical studies.
- Bronchodilator Agents
- Guinea Pigs
- Macaca fascicularis
- Methyl Ethers
- Mice, Inbred C57BL
- Prostanoic Acids
- Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
- Rats, Sprague-Dawley
- Receptors, Prostaglandin E
- Regression Analysis
- Species Specificity
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't