Energy saving control of waste heat utilization subsystem for fuel cell vehicle

Donghai Hu, Yuteng Wang, Jianwei Li, Jing Wang, Qingqing Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Maximizing the waste heat utilization of the fuel cell without controlling the operating temperature the fuel cell at each power output point will increase the hydrogen consumption of the fuel cell, and thus the energy consumption of the system. In this paper as to ensure that the waste heat utilization subsystem always runs at low energy consumption, the waste heat utilization subsystem model of fuel cell vehicle is constructed, and the fuel cell operating temperature prediction model is established. Taking the optimal operating temperature of the fuel cell under each output power as the reference trajectory, the optimization target is set as reducing the difference between the fuel cell operating temperature and the ideal operating temperature. Thus, a predictive controller with the function of following the optimal working temperature of fuel cell is designed for the waste heat utilization subsystem. The effectiveness of the predictive controller is verified under NEDC and CHTC-HT driving cycle respectively. The feasibility and effectiveness of the predictive controller are verified by real vehicle experiments. the experimental results show that the predictive controller can reduce the fuel cell hydrogen consumption and system energy consumption, compared with the rule-based controller and constant temperature controller. the hydrogen consumption of fuel cell is reduced by 17.2% and 14.7% respectively, and the energy consumption of waste heat utilization subsystem of fuel cell vehicle is reduced by 15.6% and 13.4% respectively
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
JournalIEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
Volume(In-Press)
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Transportation
  • Automotive Engineering

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