Enemy framing and the politics of reporting religious conflicts in the Nigerian press

Aliyu O. Musa, N. Ferguson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This article is a two-part exploration of the reporting of sectarian conflicts in Nigerian newspapers. It seeks to find out how enemy images and stereotypes are created in the journalistic process; how they shape attitudes, and stoke hatred with the possibility of fuelling/amplifying sectarian violence. The authors draw examples from conflicts in Northern Nigeria, specifically the November 2008 crisis in the central Nigerian city of Jos. The first part deals with the examination, through Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA), of data collected from the Nigerian cities of Jos, Abuja and Kano. The second part is a study, via Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), of 160 reports by THISDAY and Daily Trust newspapers during the November 2008 violence. In a bid to correlate the findings of the main study (IPA), the article applies Teun A van Dijk's socio-cognitive model to identify specific use of labels/rhetoric/enemy images, hyperboles, litotes and so on, in the two newspapers' reports. The article therefore postulates that Nigerian newspapers use enemy images and stereotypes to demonise the 'other', reshape their readers' impression of the 'other', reinforce intolerance and, possibly, spread hate and amplify conflicts.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7-20
    JournalMedia, War and Conflict
    Volume6
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    religious conflict
    newspaper
    Fueling
    politics
    stereotype
    Labels
    violence
    hate
    discourse analysis
    tolerance
    Nigeria
    rhetoric
    examination
    Violence
    Religious Conflict
    Enemy
    Stereotypes
    Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
    Sectarian

    Bibliographical note

    The full text of this item is not available from the repository.

    Keywords

    • conflict reporting
    • enemy images
    • media
    • Nigerian newspapers
    • politics
    • stereotyping

    Cite this

    Enemy framing and the politics of reporting religious conflicts in the Nigerian press. / Musa, Aliyu O.; Ferguson, N.

    In: Media, War and Conflict, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2013, p. 7-20.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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