Enabling dendrite-free charging for lithium batteries based on transport-reaction competition mechanism in CHAIN framework

Lisheng Zhang, Siyan Chen, Wentao Wang, Hanqing Yu, Haicheng Xie, Huizhi Wang, Shichun Yang, Cheng Zhang, Xinhua Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)


Worldwide trends in mobile electrification will skyrocket demands for lithium-based battery production, driven by the popularity of electric vehicles. However, both lithium metal batteries and lithium ion batteries face severe safety issues due to dendrite nucleation and growth process. Li deposition is significantly influenced by interfacial factors and charging conditions. In this paper, an electrochemical model considering the internal and external factors is proposed based on Monte Carlo method. The influence of internal solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) porosity, thickness and the external conditions on dendrite growth process is systematically described. The simulation results support that the three factors investigated in this model could synergistically regulate the dendrite growth process. Three competition mechanisms are proposed to tailor lithium deposition for Li-based batteries and numerical solutions for variation pattern of dendrite growth with time are fitted. A three-step process describing kinetic process of lithium deposition is proposed. To achieve dendrite-free charging process, charging strategies and emerging materials design should be considered, including physicochemical materials engineering, artificial SEI, and design for dynamic safety boundary. This work could contribute to the foundation for insights of Li deposition mechanism, which is promising to provide guidelines for next-generation high-energy-density and safe batteries in CHAIN framework.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-421
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Energy Chemistry
Early online date9 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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This document is the author’s post-print version, incorporating any revisions agreed during the peer-review process. Some differences between the published version and this version may remain and you are advised to consult the published version if you wish to cite from it.


National Natural Science Foundation of China (52102470).


  • Competition mechanism
  • Dendrite growth
  • Li-based batteries
  • Model
  • Synergistic adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Electrochemistry


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