Emotional Intelligence and Individual Visual Preferences: A Predictive Machine Learning Approach

Hosam Al-Samarraie, Samer Muthana Sarsam, Maria Lonsdale, Ahmed Ibrahim Alzahrani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Differences in individuals’ psychological and cognitive characteristics have been always found to play a significant role in influencing our behavior and preferences. While a number of studies have identified the impact of these characteristics on individuals’ visual design preferences, understanding how emotional intelligence (EI) would influence this process is yet to be explored. This study investigated the link between individuals’ EI dimensions (eg, emotionality, self-control, sociability, and well-being) and their eye movement behavior in an attempt to build a prediction model for visual design preferences. A total of 136 participants took part in this study. The feature selection and prediction of EI and eye movement data were performed using the genetic search method in conjunction with the bagging method. The results showed that participants high in self-control and emotionality exhibited different eye movement behaviors when performing five visual selection tasks. The prediction results (93.87% accuracy) revealed that specific eye parameters can predict the link between certain EI dimensions and preferences for visual design. This study adds new insights into human–computer interaction, EI, and rational choice theories. The findings also encourage researchers and designers to consider EI in the development of intelligent and adaptive systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2392-2400
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Human-Computer Interaction
Issue number12
Early online date30 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2023


  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics


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