Elevation of Right-Sided Pressures and Right Ventricular Echocardiographic Parameters: Predictors of Exercise Limitation in Patients with Implanted Continuous Flow Left Ventricular Assist Devices

N. Bouzas-Cruz, O. Gonzalez-Fernandez, A. Koshy, N. Okwose, A. Woods, N. Robinson-Smith, S. Tovey, A. McDiarmid, G. Parry, S. Schueler, D. Jakovljevic, G. MacGowan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine parameters of exercise intolerance in a group of patients with HeartWare Ventricular Assist Device(HVAD) compared to a group of heart failure(HF)patients METHODS: This was a single-centre parallel prospective group-study.Echocardiograms,right heart catheterisation(RHC) and cardiopulmonary exercise tests were performed in 42patients admitted for a heart transplant assessment between August2017 and October2018:20 belonged to the HVAD group and 22 to the HF group RESULTS: HVADpatients had a better exercise capacity than HFpatients, although no significant differences were noted(14.0±5.0ml/kg/min vs 11.3±3.9ml/kg/min, p=0.06).To determine exercise tolerance,both HVAD and HFgroups were subdivided into 2 groups based on the median peakVO2.The table shows the comparison between preserved and non-preserved exercise tolerance in HF and HVADpatients. In the HVAD group,all resting RHC pressures were significantly lower in the preserved exercise capacity group.However,in HFpatients there were no statistically significant differences between both subgroups in right-sided pressures,but Thermodilution exercise-induced change in cardiac output(ΔCO) and cardiac index(ΔCI) was significantly higher in the patients with preserved exercise tolerance.In the HVADgroup the right ventricle was significantly larger in the reduced exercise tolerance subgroup.Patients with lower peakVO2 had more significant tricuspid regurgitation.Nevertheless,in HFpatients none of the echocardiographic parameters were related to the exercise capacity CONCLUSION: Right-sided parameters in the echocardiogram and RHC pressures discriminate between preserved and non-preserved exercise capacity in HVADpatients,but not in HFpatients.In these last patients only ΔCO and ΔCI were statistically correlated with peak exercise oxygen consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberS439
JournalThe Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation
Volume39
Issue number4
Early online date30 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

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