Electromagnetic nanoparticles for sensing and medical diagnostic applications

Luigi La Spada, Lucio Vegni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)


A modeling and design approach is proposed for nanoparticle-based electromagnetic devices. First, the structure properties will be analytically studied by using Maxwell’s equations. The method provides us a robust link between nanoparticles electromagnetic response (amplitude and phase) and their geometrical characteristics (shape, geometry, dimensions). Secondly, new designs based on “metamaterial” concept are proposed, demonstrating great performances in terms of wide-angle range functionality and multi/wide behavior, compared to conventional devices working at the same frequencies. The approach offers potential applications to build-up new advanced platforms for sensing and medical diagnostics. Therefore, in the third and final part of the article some practical examples will be reported such as cancer detection, water content measurements, chemical analysis, glucose concentration measurements and blood diseases monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Article number603
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).


  • metamaterials
  • medical diagnostics
  • glucose measurements
  • cancer detection
  • sensors
  • design
  • modeling
  • nanoparticles


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