Effects of locomotion task constraints on running in boys with overweight/obesity: The mediating role of developmental delays

Mohsen Shafizadeh, Shahab Parvinpour, Marzie Balali, Fatemeh Samimi Pazhuh, David Broom

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    4 Downloads (Pure)


    Background: Childhood obesity adversely affects the musculoskeletal system and is accompanied with motor development delays. Movement interventions that change the body composition and movement patterns is suggested as an effective way to minimise the childhood obesity adverse effects. Research question: Whether a locomotion task constraints intervention is effective to change body composition, motor performance and running efficiency in overweight/obese boys with different levels of motor development. Methods: Forty young boys (age: 8.21 ± 1.01 years) whose body mass index (BMI) was above the 85th normative ranked score were divided into 4 independent groups according to their development and BMI: intervention-typical, intervention-delay, control-typical and control-delay. A 6-week task constraints intervention with an emphasis on improving locomotion skills such as fast walking, running, jumping, hopping, skipping and leaping were carried out in the intervention group. Results: The pre and post-intervention difference score on the sample dependent variables showed decreases in body mass and BMI and improvements in agility, joint kinematics and running economy in the intervention-typical group relative to other groups. Significance: The findings highlight that the boys with overweight/obesity and typical development can benefit more from a short-term developmentally-appropriate intervention to refine the running pattern and agility skill that was accompanied by positive changes in body composition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)354-359
    Number of pages6
    JournalGait and Posture
    Early online date9 Apr 2021
    Publication statusPublished - May 2021

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    This document is the author’s post-print version, incorporating any revisions agreed during the peer-review process. Some differences between the published version and this version may remain and you are advised to consult the published version if you wish to cite from it.


    • Body composition
    • Boys with overweight/obesity
    • Fundamental movement pattern
    • Locomotion intervention
    • Running performance

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Rehabilitation


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