Effects of extracurricular sports in prepubertal and pubertal girls

María Luisa Martín-Sánchez, Samuel Manzano-Carrasco, Jorge López-Fernández, Jorge García-Unanue, Antonio Hernández-Martin, María Jesús Marín-Farrona, Enrique Colino, Manuel León-Jiménez, Carlos Majano, Marcos Celada-Gómez, Leonor Gallardo, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, José Luis Felipe

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    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of the type of extracurricular sport on the body composition, respiratory parameters, and physical condition in prepubertal and pubertal girls. Four hundred and eighty-five female athletes (aged 8–14) from different sports participated in this study. They were gathered into four groups according to the sport typology and maturity level: ‘prepubertal girls who practise collective sports’ (PRE-CS), ‘prepubertal girls who practise individual sports’ (PRE-IS), ‘pubertal girls who practise collective sports’ (PUB-CS), and ‘pubertal girls who practise individual sports’ (PUB-IS). The cardiorespiratory fitness (the 20 m shuttle run test, 20 mSRT), anthropometry, respiratory capacity (forced spirometry), handgrip, CMJ test, and stabilometry were collected. Prepubertal girls showed a lower muscle mass (kg) and fat mass (kg) than pubertal girls regardless of the extracurricular sports typology. PRE-CS and PRE-IS also showed a lower respiratory fitness and physical fitness than pubertal girls (p < 0.05). Pubertal girls did not show significant differences (p > 0.05) in any of the body composition, respiratory fitness, and physical fitness variables when comparing between collective sports and individual sports. The results show that extracurricular participation in these types sports by prepubertal girls can influence their body composition, respiratory fitness, and physical condition.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number11795
    Number of pages15
    JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
    Volume11
    Issue number24
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2021

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

    Funder


    M.L.M.-S. acknowledges ‘Digi-Sporting. A new step towards digital transformation’ (2021-COB-10424) for funding the development of her research. S.M.-C. acknowledges the University of Castilla-La Mancha for funding the development of his PhD (2019/5964). A.H.-M. acknowledges the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities for funding the development of his PhD (grant number: FPU18/03222). J.G.-U. acknowledges the ‘Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional, Programa Operativo de la Región de Castilla-La Mancha’ (2018/11744) for funding the development of his research. Finally, this research has been developed with the help of the Grant EQC2019-005843-P funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 and ERDF ‘A way of making Europe’.

    Keywords

    • Body composition
    • Health
    • Physical activity
    • Physical condition

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Instrumentation
    • Engineering(all)
    • Process Chemistry and Technology
    • Computer Science Applications
    • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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