Effects of emerging technologies in minimising variations in construction projects in the UK

Bolanle Ireti Noruwa, Andrew Arewa, Christoph Merschbrock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
118 Downloads (Pure)


Globally, the construction industry is confronted by many challenges, especially iterative cost and time overrun; exacerbated by variations that occur during construction phases. Variation is one of the most controversial issues in construction contracts. Modernising the industry through emerging technologies will minimise variations, including other benefits. This study aims to examine the effects of emerging technologies in minimising the occurrence of variations in construction projects. The study used mixed methods with participants limited to those that have effectively implemented some emerging technologies in their recent construction projects. Findings reveal how the combinations of emerging technologies such as Virtual Reality (VR), drones, 3 D Laser Scanning, Building Information Modelling (BIM) and others are proving to be useful tools in preventing the occurrence of variation when implemented correctly. The study findings established some potentials of emerging technologies in the construction industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2199-2206
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Construction Management
Issue number11
Early online date2 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in International Journal of Construction Management. Noruwa, BI, Arewa, A & Merschbrock, C 2022, 'Effects of emerging technologies in minimising variations in construction projects in the UK', International Journal of Construction Management, vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2199-2206.
It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.


  • Construction projects
  • emerging technologies
  • variations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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