The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of deep breathing on blood pressure parameters: systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) and pulse pressure, mean pulse rate (MPR), and the amplitude of Korotkoff sounds. Manual SBP and DBP were measured from 20 healthy subjects (age: 44±13 years) during normal (NB) and deep (DB) breathing. A chest magnetometer was used to acquire the respiratory depth, and an electronic stethoscope for the Korotkoff sound. All data were sampled at 2 kHz. MPR was derived from the oscillometric pulse waveform. For each oscillometric pulse, time-frequency analysis of the Korotkoff sound located the time of the peak energy (Tp), and Korotkoff sounds amplitude was defined as the maximum peak-to-peak amplitude in the window T P ±50ms. The respiratory rate was calculated from both the magnetometer (f R ) and Korotkoff amplitude series (f K ) for the period between the manually measured SBP and DBP, with a power spectral density resolution of 0.016 Hz in the physiological respiratory frequency range at rest. DB compared to NB increased respiratory regularity (quantified by spectral concentration) by 9±10% (mean±SD, p<;0.005), and decreased f R from 0.24±0.06 to 0.20±0.05 Hz (p<;0.0005). SBP and pulse pressure also decreased, from 116±12 to 113±11 mmHg (p<;0.005) and 41±9 to 37±9 mmHg (p<;0.01) respectively, and MPR increased from 64±8 to 68±9 pulse/min (p<;0.0005). In 70% of recordings f R differed from f K by 0.05 Hz or less. The results show an effect of DB on blood pressure, and the presence of a modulating effect of respiration on the Korotkoff sound.
|Title of host publication||Computing in Cardiology|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
|Event||Computing in Cardiology Conference 2012 - Krakow, Poland|
Duration: 9 Sep 2012 → 12 Sep 2012
|Conference||Computing in Cardiology Conference 2012|
|Period||9/09/12 → 12/09/12|
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- Blood pressure
- Pressure measurement
- Pulse measurements
- Time frequency analysis