Effect of secondary crystal orientations on the deformation anisotropy for nickel-based single-crystal plate with notch feature

Yu Zhai, Kashif Khan, Jose Correia, Abı´lio MP de Jesus, Zhiyong Huang, Xu Zhang, Qing Yuan Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The effects of the secondary crystal orientations on the nickel-based single-crystal superalloy turbine blades were investigated. The stress concentration features were used for investigation of the optimal secondary crystal orientation leading to the higher strength of the single-crystal turbine blades. The crystal plastic finite element method coupled with micromechanics constitutive model is applied to study the effect of secondary crystal orientation on plastic deformation and mechanical behavior around the cooling holes and notches with the primary (load) orientation fixed at [001] direction. For nickel-based superalloy plates with holes or notches, the secondary crystal orientation effect on the strength needs to be clarified at various load levels. The maximum von Mises stress in the single-crystal alloy varies significantly with variation in the secondary crystal orientations. It was found that only two slip systems dominate the deformation process of the material owing to their favorable orientation with loading. The secondary orientation of 45° was identified with lowest resolved shear stress in the dominating slip systems and potential of producing higher strength for single-crystal turbine blades.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-64
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design
Issue number1
Early online date2 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019



  • Crystal plasticity
  • dominant slip system
  • resolved shear stress
  • secondary orientation
  • single crystal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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