Effect of mix design methods on the mechanical properties of steel fibre-reinforced concrete prepared with recycled aggregates from precast waste

Emmanuel Ejiofor Anike, Messaoud Saidani, Adegoke Olubanwo, Mark Tyrer, Esmaiel Ganjian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
189 Downloads (Pure)


This research investigates the impact of mix design methods on the mechanical characteristics of steel fibre-reinforced concrete (SFRC) made with recycled aggregates (RA) obtained from a precast waste concrete. The experimental campaign was carried out in two phases. In phase I, three types of steel fibre (SF) differing only in shape were examined. Then, eight mixes were formulated, considering a range of SF volume ratios from 0.125% to 1.5%, using both normal and the Equivalent Mortar Volume (EMV) mix design methods. In phase II, a reference mix and two recycled aggregate concrete mixes were developed, one designed with normal method and the other with the EMV technique and incorporating their associated optimum SF content obtained in phase I. The results show that the mechanical properties of SFRC proportioned with the EMV approach is not adversely affected and that water absorption capacity of the concrete is improved with this method compared to the traditional method. Also, mix design method adopted for recycled concrete affects the optimum SF volume ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberSTRUCTURES-D-19-00876R1
Pages (from-to)664-672
Number of pages9
Early online date1 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Structures. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Structures, 27 (2020)] DOI: 10.1016/j.istruc.2020.05.038

© 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


Funding Information: The authors acknowledge the contributions of Litecast Homefloors Limited and Dalian HARVEST Metal Fibres Co. Limited who supplied the materials used for this research free of charge. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 Institution of Structural Engineers Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Mix design
  • Optimization
  • Precast waste
  • Recycled aggregate concrete
  • Steel fibre

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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