Effect of impact damage on fatigue performance of structures reinforced with GLARE bonded crack retarders

Abdul Khadar Syed, Michael E. Fitzpatrick, James E. Moffatt, Jeremy Doucet, Isidro Durazo-Cardenas

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11 Citations (Scopus)
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Fibre-Metal Laminates (FML) such as GLARE are of interest as bonded crack retarders (BCR) to improve the fatigue performance of aircraft structures. The degradation of the performance of the crack retarder in service if subjected to damage is a critical factor in designing with this concept. Bonded assemblies of an aluminium alloy substrate reinforced with a GLARE strap were prepared, and were subjected to low velocity impact damage onto the GLARE, with impact energies ranging from 10 to 60 J. The thermal residual stresses developed during the bonding process of the GLARE to the aluminium were determined using neutron diffraction, and the change in the thermal residual stresses owing to impact damage onto the GLARE was evaluated. Pre- and post-impact fatigue performance of the BCR assemblies has been investigated. The results show that the BCR provides an improvement in fatigue life, but the reduction is impaired following impact damage. The results show that monitoring of impact damage will be critical in the damage tolerance assurance for aerospace structures containing bonded crack retarders.

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Fatigue. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Fatigue, [80, (2015)] DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2015.06.006

© 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-237
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Fatigue
Early online date19 Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015


  • Bonded crack retarders
  • Fatigue crack growth
  • Impact fatigue
  • Residual stresses


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