Effect of high-fat diet on isometric, concentric and eccentric contractile performance of skeletal muscle isolated from female CD-1 mice

Jason Tallis, Rob S. James, Emma Eyre, Sharn Shelley, Cameron Hill, Derek Renshaw, Joshua Hurst

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Abstract

Despite evidence inferring muscle and contractile mode-specific effects of high-fat diet (HFD), no study has yet considered the impact of HFD directly on eccentric muscle function. The present work uniquely examined the effect of 20-weeks HFD on the isometric, concentric and eccentric muscle function of isolated mouse soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles. CD-1 female mice were randomly split into a control (n=16) or HFD (n=17) group and for 20-weeks consumed standard lab chow or HFD. Following this period, SOL and EDL muscles were isolated and assessment of maximal isometric force and concentric work loop power were performed. Each muscle was then subjected to either multiple concentric or eccentric work loop activations. Post-fatigue recovery, as an indicator of incurred damage, was measured via assessment of concentric work loop power. In the EDL, absolute concentric power and concentric power normalised to muscle mass were reduced in the HFD group (P<0.038). HFD resulted in faster concentric fatigue and reduced eccentric activity-induced muscle damage (P<0.05). For the SOL, maximal isometric force was increased, and maximal eccentric power normalised to muscle mass and concentric fatigue were reduced in the HFD group (P<0.05). HFD effects on eccentric muscle function are muscle-specific and have little relationship with changes in isometric or concentric function. HFD has the potential to negatively affect the intrinsic concentric and eccentric power-producing capacity of skeletal muscle, but a lack of a within muscle uniform response indicates disparate mechanisms of action which require further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
Number of pages14
JournalExperimental Physiology
Volume(In-Press)
Early online date9 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 May 2024

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Keywords

  • isolated skeletal muscle
  • muscle lengthening
  • obesity
  • work-loop

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