Effect of graphene on the mechanical and electrochemical properties of GLARE

Shuo Wang, Fanglin Cong, Sherif Araby, Saleh Kaytbay, Rui Cai, Xu Cui, Qingshi Meng

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    37 Downloads (Pure)


    This study explores the effect of different graphene contents on the mechanical behaviour, tensile and flexural properties, and the electrochemical performance of cross-layered glass-reinforced aluminium (GLARE) laminates. Results show that the mechanical properties of GLARE with different graphene contents are similar but not identical. The mass fraction of graphene (0 wt.%–1.0 wt.%) is calculated from the total mass of adhesive. As the graphene content increases (0 wt.%–1.0 wt.%), flexural strength peaks in the presence of 0.5 wt.% graphene, but tensile strength continues to increase. When the graphene mass ratio is 1.0 wt.%, the maximum tensile strength is 245.45 MPa. When the graphene mass ratio is 0.5 wt.%, interlaminar shear strength and flexural strength are 19.06 and 260.22 MPa, respectively, which correspond to different span–thickness ratios of 8/1 and 32/1. This graphene mass ratio indicates the best three-point flexural performance of graphene-reinforced GLARE. This study further explains the enhancement mechanism through fracture surface observation. Graphene with a mass ratio of 0.5 wt.% maximises the flexural strength whilst maintaining a strong GLARE electrochemical performance. At scanning speeds of 40, 80, and 100 mV/s, the specific capacitance values are 1.76, 2.47, and 2.88 F/g, respectively. According to quantum tunnelling theory, graphene can form a conductive network when it is dispersed in a resin matrix. This theory reveals the reason why 0.5 wt.% graphene platelet-modified GLARE has good electrochemical properties.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2159-2175
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
    Issue number20
    Early online date15 Nov 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 2022

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher: Taylor and Francis

    This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. Wang, S, Cong, F, Araby, S, Kaytbay, S, Cai, R, Cui, X & Meng, Q 2022, 'Effect of graphene on the mechanical and electrochemical properties of GLARE', Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 36, no. 20, pp. 2159-2175.

    It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


    This work was financially supported by the Aeronautical Science Foundation of China [2020Z055054002 and 2018ZF54036], National Natural Science Foundation [51973123], Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (2019-MS-256), the Scientific Research Funds from Liaoning Education Department (JYT2020007), Training Project of Liaoning Higher Education Institutions (No. 2018LNGXGJWPY-YB008) and Liaoning Province Natural Fund Project (No. 2019-ZD-0246).


    • Materials Chemistry
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Surfaces and Interfaces
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • General Chemistry
    • GLARE
    • graphene
    • mechanical properties
    • electrochemical performance

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Materials Chemistry
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Chemistry(all)
    • Surfaces and Interfaces


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