Effect of Defocusing on Bead-on-Plate of Ti6Al4V by Yb:YAG Disk Laser

Ernesto Mastrocinque, Gaetano Corrado, Fabrizia Caiazzo, Nicola Pasquino, Vincenzo Sergi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In this study bead-on-plate tests on 3 mm-thick Ti6Al4V sheets were performed using a Yb:YAG thin disk laser in continuous mode to evaluate the effects of focus position on the bead characteristics. Among the various solid-state lasers, the disk laser has better beam quality than conventional rod geometries thanks to the absence of thermal lensing effect. An experimental plan was conducted using nine focus positions with constant power and welding speed. The beads were characterised in terms of geometry, defects, hardness and microstructure. This work is a preliminary study to select the best values of the focal position for subsequent butt welding tests. Analysing the results obtained, the best value of defocusing was -4 mm because, among full penetrated beads, it showed lower undercut and excessive penetration, lower melted area and smaller grain size in the melted area.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6258-6264
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Materials Research
Early online dateNov 2011
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • defocusing
  • disk laser
  • laser welding
  • titanium alloy


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of Defocusing on Bead-on-Plate of Ti6Al4V by Yb:YAG Disk Laser'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this