Effect of critical variables on air dense medium fluidized bed coal drying efficiency and kinetics

A. Chelongar, Azimi E, M. R. Hosseini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Calorific value, as a key component for fuel quality assessment, directly affects the thermal power plants' efficiency. While high-quality coal is consumed as metallurgical coal, low-rank coals are used by coalfired power plants. The high moisture content of the thermal coals significantly influences their heating values. In this study, the drying performances of the fixed bed and air dense medium fluidized bed (ADMFB) dryers were investigated under the superficial air velocity of 15-18 cm/s, inlet air temperature of 55-75°C, and up to 80 minutes of operation. Low air consumption is an intrinsic characteristic for ADMFB, while a low-temperature range for drying air was selected to address the coal-fired power plants' waste heat. It was found that an increase in air velocity and temperature favored the drying efficiency of both systems (i.e., 18 cm/s and 75°C), with the temperature being more effective than the air velocity. The ADMFB dryer removed comparatively more moisture than the fixed bed for the shorter drying durations. For example, for 10% moisture reduction at 75°C, the ADMFB dryer needed 5 minutes less time than the fixed bed. The fitting quality and goodness of serval well-known thin-layer models for describing fluidized bed and ADMFB coal drying kinetics were assessed by several models and statistical evaluators, respectively. It was found that the Middilli & Kucuk model best describes the fixed bed coal drying (i.e., R2=0.999, RSE=0.001, RMSE=0.008), while the Page model much properly simulates the ADMFB coal drying (i.e., R2=0.998, RSE=0.002, RMSE=0.009).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1362-1370
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

© 2021 Materials and Energy Research Center. All rights reserved.
All articles published in International Journal of Engineering are fully open access: immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)


The corresponding author would like to acknowledge the Iran National Science Foundation (INSF) for supporting this research under the grant number of 97004223 and the Mining Engineering Department of the Isfahan University of Technology for granting access to the infrastructures


  • Air Dense Medium Fluidized Bed
  • Fixed Bed
  • Coal Drying
  • Kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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