Effect of age on injury outcome in passenger car frontal crashes

Karthik Ekambaram, Richard Frampton

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


    The senior population is growing rapidly across most
    motorised countries resulting in an increasing number of elderly
    motor vehicle users. Accident data from the UK Cooperative Crash
    Injury Study (CCIS) were analysed to examine the relationship
    between age and injury outcome for belted front seat occupants in
    passenger car frontal crashes. Results showed that, for similar
    frontal crash characteristics, the MAIS outcome was more severe for
    older front seat occupants (65+) and they were more likely to be
    fatally injured compared to middle-aged and younger occupants. The
    chest was the most frequently injured body region. The older
    occupants sustained more injuries to the chest region compared to
    their younger counterparts and these injuries were predominately
    skeletal injury induced by seat belt forces. Older occupants had a
    higher rate of multiple rib fractures compared to younger and middle
    aged occupants. The increase in the number of rib fractures showed
    a strong association with increase in intrathoracic organ injury.
    These results suggest that older occupants are more vulnerable to
    serious injury to the chest region in frontal impacts. Vehicle
    crashworthiness systems that account for differences in age related
    injury tolerance could have a positive effect on injury outcome in
    frontal car crashes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016
    EventHUMANIST Conference 2016 - Loughborough, United Kingdom
    Duration: 8 Jun 2016 → …


    ConferenceHUMANIST Conference 2016
    Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
    Period8/06/16 → …


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