EduChain: CIA-Compliant Blockchain for Intelligent Cyber Defense of Microservices in Education Industry 4.0

Md Arafatur Rahman, Mohd Saharudin Abuludin, Ling Xi Yuan, Md. Shohidul Islam, A. Taufiq Asyhari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Massive data handling requirement in education Industry 4.0 has attracted interests in the research of microservice architectures due to their scalability, resilience, and elasticity characteristics. This development has been challenged by extensive data exchange required by a set of independent microservices to build a complete application, which could result in increasing risks and exposure to the security and privacy breaches of the data. It is imperative to see that educational data are highly sensitive, critical for ascertaining educational attainment and facilitating credentials for qualification verifications. This article puts forward a new proposal of devising a security and privacy-preserving design mechanism of data transactions in educational microservices leveraging the blockchain technology. The design comprises three phases, namely the blockchain framework, data sending–receiving, and confidentiality-integrity-availability over a secured platform with each phase having detailed mechanisms for algorithm implementation. The proposal is shown to exhibit favorable performance in terms of time cost of publishing, throughput, and latency, and shown to have high survey acceptance in terms of confidentiality, integrity, and availability with approximately 10% improvement from prior blockchain adoption.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1930-1938
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number3
Early online date29 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems
  • Control and Systems Engineering


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