Education and clinical professional development in Penang, Malaysia

Matt Perry, Louise Reynolds, Judith Clare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study considers the impact of the Intermediate Ambulance Care (IAC) Course on the development of pre-hospital care practice in Penang, Malaysia and considers how the course contributes to professional development. The research question asks what impact the education programme has had on a rapidly changing emergency medical service.

Using a qualitative methodology—focused ethnography—data were collected from interviews, participation and observation of pre-hospital emergency care providers and medical professionals in Penang, Malaysia.

Four themes were identified which describe how the participants' values and beliefs contribute to the increasing professionalisation of their role in health care.

As well as increasing paramedic knowledge, there was an observable change in participants' values and beliefs about pre-hospital care and health outcomes. This has contributed to the professional development currently being experienced in pre-hospital care in Penang, Malaysia.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Paramedic Practice
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes


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