Dynamic performance development of entrepreneurial ecosystem in the agricultural sector

Mahnaz Hosseinzadeh, Marzieh Samadi Foroushani, Razieh Sadraei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The study aims to identify the dynamic complexities and development points of the entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE) in the agricultural sector of Iran to improve production factors' productivity, including arable land, water resources and human capital.

First, the EE of the agricultural sector in Iran was designed following Isenberg's framework. Then, the main variables and interrelationships of the variables in each context of the ecosystem, called subsystems, were formulated using the system dynamics (SD) approach. Next, the model was simulated and validated. Afterward, different policy options were identified, embedded into the model structure and simulated. Finally, the best policy group was selected.

According to Isenberg's EE model, three groups of policies were identified and evaluated, including “entrepreneurship development financing and investment policy,” “agricultural ecosystem's supportive services development policy” and “production factors productivity development policy.” According to the simulation results, the best combination of the solution strategies was recognized. The presented SD-EE model has a generic nature in the agricultural sector and could be modified to be applied in different regions for policy-making purposes.

The main contribution of the study is twofold. First, Isenberg's EE framework is applied to structure the main subsystems and interrelationships of the subsystems in the agricultural sector that has previously received limited attention. Second, the research is the first to operationalize the basic theory of Isenberg's EE in practice applying a robust systemic modeling methodology like SD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2361-2395
Number of pages35
JournalBritish Food Journal
Issue number7
Early online date28 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Agricultural entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE)
  • Issenberg's entrepreneurial ecosystem model
  • System dynamics (SD)


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