Dyck paths, Motzkin paths and traffic jams

R. A. Blythe, W. Janke, D. A. Johnston, Ralph Kenna

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    19 Citations (Scopus)
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    It has recently been observed that the normalization of a one-dimensional out-of-equilibrium model, the asymmetric exclusion process (ASEP) with random sequential dynamics, is exactly equivalent to the partition function of a two-dimensional lattice path model of one-transit walks, or equivalently Dyck paths. This explains the applicability of the Lee–Yang theory of partition function zeros to the ASEP normalization. In this paper we consider the exact solution of the parallel-update ASEP, a special case of the Nagel–Schreckenberg model for traffic flow, in which the ASEP phase transitions can be interpreted as jamming transitions, and find that Lee–Yang theory still applies. We show that the parallel-update ASEP normalization can be expressed as one of several equivalent two-dimensional lattice path problems involving weighted Dyck or Motzkin paths. We introduce the notion of thermodynamic equivalence for such paths and show that the robustness of the general form of the ASEP phase diagram under various update dynamics is a consequence of this thermodynamic equivalence.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberP10007
    JournalJournal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2004

    Bibliographical note

    The full text is also available from: http://de.arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0405314
    This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/2004/10/P10007.


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