Durability of geothermal grouting materials considering extreme loads

I Indacoechea-Vega, P. Pascual-Muñoz, D. Castro-Fresno, D. Zamora-Barraza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)


The concern about the massive use of the non-renewable and very limited fossil fuels together with the well-known effects of the global warming makes it more necessary the efficient use of the current forms of renewable energy generation. Because of the crucial role played by the grouting materials in the Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP), a proper selection of these elements should be made based on a deep knowledge of their performance. In this paper, thermal conductivity, mechanical strength and grout-pipe permeability of four different highly workable grouts have been tested before and after they were subjected to wet-dry and freeze-thaw durability treatments. Results obtained demonstrated the harmful effects of using a large amount of mixing water in grouts subjected to those extreme loads. However, the use of these type of grouts with very good workability is still possible in GSHP installations with balanced thermal designs provided that regular operational and environment conditions are considered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-739
Number of pages8
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Early online date15 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Construction and Building Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Construction and Building Materials, 162, (2018) DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.12.072

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


  • Ground source heat pump
  • Grouting material
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Mechanical performance
  • Permeability
  • Durability


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