Drinking and flying: A structural model

Emma Maxwell, Don Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Under a recent revision of the European Joint Aviation Authorities operations regulations it has been prohibited to act as a crew member of an aircraft with a BAC of greater than 0.02%. Methods: This survey of UK Civil Aviation Authority pilots suggests that over 50% of respondents may have flown an aircraft with a BAC of greater than this prescribed amount. Results: Professional pilots were found to be heavier drinkers than private pilots and were also more likely to infringe the 0.02% BAC rule. Conclusion: Analysis of the data using path analysis suggests that professional pilots may be more prone to offending as a result of training in a 'drinking culture' and as a response to commercial pressures in the industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
JournalAviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Aircraft-pilots
  • Alcohol-drinking-patterns
  • Alcohol-intoxication
  • Aviation-regulations
  • Knowledge- level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pollution
  • Medicine(all)


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