Dose response effects of the BWF Shuttle Time Programme on children’s actual and perceived fundamental movement skill competence

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This study examined dose-response effects of the Badminton World Federation (BWF) Shuttle Time programme on fundamental movement skills (FMS) and perceived FMS competence in 6-9-year olds. Children (n = 158, 83 boys, 75 girls, Mean ± SD age = 7.6 ± .97) were randomly allocated into three conditions: Shuttle Time 2Xweek; Shuttle Time 1Xweek; 3) control (CON) group. The intervention groups undertook the BWF Shuttle Time programme over a 10-week period in place of both or one of their statutory Physical Education lessons. FMS was assessed from the Test of Gross Motor Development 2. Perceived competence was assessed via the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence. Assessments were undertaken pre, post and 10 weeks post intervention. For FMS, a significant time X group interaction (P=.001) was evident. There was no significant difference in FMS between groups at pre (P>.05). Post intervention there were significant differences in FMS between 2Xweek and 1XWeek (P=.007), 2Xweek and control (P=.0001) and 1XWeek and control (P=.007). From post to 10-weeks post there were significant improvements in FMS (P=.001) for the 2Xweek group. A significant time X group interaction (P=.0001) also indicated that perceived competence increased significantly pre to post for 1Xweek and 2Xweek groups, but not CON groups and was maintained at 10 weeks post (all P=.001).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1312-1321
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Issue number6
Early online date13 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This project was funded in part by a research grant from the Badminton World Federation.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.


  • badminton
  • fitness
  • gross motor development
  • physical education
  • Badminton, fitness, gross motor development, physical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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